Men of Honor

“Men of Honor” is a story about the first African American US Navy Diver, Sr. Chief Petty Officer Carl Brashear.  This is a true story of valor, determination, and perserverance – all the characteristics of having faith.  The faith that  a person holds on to inspite of what the current circumstances look like.  Carl Brashear’s faith that he would (not could-could is a dennotation that a goal is possible vs would- an all exhaustive certain end) become a Master Diver in the US Navy.  Carl’s faith started with a promise made with his father.  His father, who did not come into his own destiny, told Carl as he was leaving the farm to join the Navy ” Don’t! Don’t you ever come back here.  Get in there and fight Carl.  Don’t take promises.  Bust their all rules if you have to.  And when it gets hot, and it will don’t quit on me.  Ever! Now go on. Don’t come back here”  Mac Brashear’s departing words to his son, may have seemed harsh, but as a father who had accomplished little in life, only had a promise in the form of a command to give to his son.  He told his son to be better than he was.  As a father, he wanted Carl to promise him, to come into his destiny whatever it was going to be.  Carl Brashear’s decision to serve in the US Navy did not exemplify his bravery as much as the decision to become a Master Diver.  Master Divers were 100% white males, and experienced swimmers.  Carl on the other hand, was a black male who swam in swamps, and had the odds against him from the instructors who had him doomed from the start.  Carl Brashear battled Billy Sunday’s( Master Chief Petty Officer) discrimination, hatred, and  intentional slander, but he stayed on course and always referred back to what his father told him- to be the best.  There were various circumstances while he was in diver school where he could have given up- he saved a diver from dying and someone else received the medal (but he stoodby proudly without saying a word, he failed his first written exam (but he went to the library to be tutored), and even on final exam day Sunday cut his bag so he could not retrieve his tools as they fell into the ocean (Carl finished the exam which took 9 hours underwater).  Sunday told him to just quit, but Carl worked until he found every tool and assembled the final exam project that would allow him to become a diver.  He made it in comparision to his peers that finished hours ahead of him.  He completed the task!!!! After  becoming a diver, Carl pursued his greater goal of becoming a Master Diver.  On a televised assignment, he found a missle underwater, and was enjoying the victory when one of the ropes broke and he saved his fellow mate and put himself in harm’s way-his leg was nearly severed.  But as the trooper he is and remembering the promise of his father to be the best, he seperated himself from his family to work on returning to the US Navy as an amputee Master Diver.  With the odds stacked against him again, the very person that was his biggest oppressor, became his biggest supporter-Billy Sunday (my point of view- God will make your enemies your footstool!!!!!).  Carl Brashear went before the US Navy Board to be reinstated and through the pain, the unexpected circumstances, and determination HE MADE IT!!!!  Sunday previously asked Brashear, “what did he (his father) tell you that makes you not quit”  Brashear responded “He told me to be the best”.  The promise made between Mac Brashear and his son Chief Petty Officer Master Diver Carl Brashear remained inforce despite the hearthach, despair, and trials.  Carl stated to the Navy Board “I have spent most of my life in the Navy, only trying to succeed. However my quest has come at a great personal loss to those who love me.  They too have made sacrifices. They too have endured great pains to support me.  Give me my career back , let me finish it and go home in peace”.  Just as Kierkegaard referenced Abraham’s faith and the promise, Carl’s faith and the promise was the only thing he saw in the distance, and nothing was going to keep him from fulfilling the promise.

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A Promise is a Promise

This week’s philosophy reading is Soren Kierkegaard’s “Fear and Trembling.”  I must say this is a great end to  rocky beginning (regarding understanding the philosophers).  Kierkegaard’s perspective of Abraham is written under his own name versus the pseudonyms he usually created his other literary works.  I believe he used his own name because it closely resembled how Abraham’s faith impacted his life.  Abraham’s faith is actually my own personal point of reference as it serves as a reminder that God is true to his promises regardless.  So many times believers grow weary in waiting, even though God has established his word in our lives, we get distracted with time and think the promise is delayed or unfullfilled.   What is a promise?  According to Merriam-Webster Dictionary, a promise is 1) a plead to do or not to do something specified  2) ground for expectation of success or improvement 3) something promised.  What is a promise from God?  A promise from God is an established covenant between himself and the BELIEVER!!!!!!  Unlike us a humans, we place a disclaimer on what we tell people we will do.  I am even guilty of telling someone I will do something, by adding “I Promise.”  Adding the disclaimer seems  to place a guarantee to  someone that I will without a shadow of a doubt hold true to what I stated.  God is unchanging and He fulfills every promise He makes.  Kierkegaard restates Abraham’s story of the covenant God made that he would give him a son. Abram said “Behold, to me thou hast given no seed, and lo, one born in my house is thine heir” And  behold, the word of the Lord came  unto him saying, This shall not be their heir; but he that shall come forth out of thine own bowels shall be thine heir -Genesis 15:3-4 vs 6 And he believed in the Lord, and he counted it to him for righteouness (virtueous, noble, honorable).  Abraham, by faith, believed everything God declared over his life, even if it meant waiting and most notably, sacrificing.  God affirmed to Abraham again  when he was 90 years old, that he would still make good on his promise.  Then 9 almost 10 years later, the promise was delivered, it was Issac.  As a man of faith, God chosen, Father of many nations and the father of Issac, God tested Abraham.  God wanted to see if Abraham would maintain his faith.  Kierkegaard illustrates in “Tuning Up” a man who was once a child and his increased undertanding of  the journey Abraham and Issac took to Mount Moriah.  He describes three very humanly possible scenerios that could have happened.  But the true story is a story of faith and trust.  It was not of Abraham’s regard to the questions of his senses, but that of executing (no pun intended) the plans God set before him.  Abraham responded to the command of God, and proceeded to move in faithfullness.  He did not yield to the manner of the flesh, by delaying the event, questioning God, or even evaluating himself to what was to take place with his son that he loved, as God reminded him.  It is my belief in reading the story in Genesis 22-that there was an astonishing amount of obedience in Issac as well, the only question he asked his father was, “Where is the lamb for the burnt offering”  Abraham’s response “God will provide himself a lamb for the burnt offering (Gen 22:7).  This is a profound word to stand and live on – God will provide.  If there were any thoughts that Abraham had, it was remembering the promise God made to him many years before (Gen 15:5) Look now toward heaven and tell the stars, if thou be able to number them and he said unto him, So shall thy seed be.” In my faith, I believe everything Abraham had to do  or go through either great or small, understanding or not, sacrificing or not, Abraham entered into a covenant with God.  The convenant that established certainty that God would always make good on his promises, because what God promises is truly a promise .

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The Heart of a Champion

For this week’s Pop Culture Blog, I am using the correlation of Nietzsche’s definition of goals and attained championships of olympic athletes,   Nietzsche stated “For me they were steps, I have climbed up upon them – therefore I had to pass over them.  But they thought I wanted to settle down on them.”  This quote is one I thoroughly see Nietzsche living to the fullest.  What I find remarkable about Nietzsche, even if I have not yet became a fan, is how he wrote and published a vast amount of work over the course of maybe 10 years.  He annually produced work before his death and he had writings published after his death.  It compares to that of athletes regarding drive.  Olympic athletes drive have to stay consistent if not increase for their peak performance time which only circles around every 4 years.  Yes, there are lower level, regional and state competitions, but the smaller goals lead to the big goal, which leads to new goals for the next 4 years.  The Olympic athletes drive differs from the professional NFL and NBA product endorsed millionaires, not that I frown on being compensated for your talents,but very few olympians receive the dollar salaries.  The drive, from my perspective, is passion and humbleness.  It seems to be one of their life’s callings, and work vehemently to not only obtain the current goals, but also reestablish new goals, just as Nietzsche stated that happiness is having  goal. Taken from “Maxims and Arrows”, “If we possess our why of life we can put up with almost any how.”  When the olympian has a clear view of the Gold Medal, the drive does not diminish because of  losses in the lower competitions,  weariness (true to fleshly nature), nor uses the elevated platform  and  donned the honor of Olympic Gold Medalist to be deterred from obtaining and setting new goals.  Nietzsche demonstrated in  his work that goals were clearly apart of his life, as he wrote book after book after book.  This was a man who had a plan, whose goals were accomplished inspite of a tormented mental state and despite loss of life- his work and his goals lived on.

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Anti-This and Anti-That Too

Friedrich Nietzsche so emphatically points out the flaws in humans sensory skills.  His book “The Anti-Christ” ironically had a jarring effect to my sensory organs and entire nervous system!  The physical reaction was far less comparable to the attack on my God-created spirit. The title alone raised so many questions, questions I wasnt fully convinced I wanted the answers to- although the true practicing of philosophy supposedly should lead me to this Nietzsche journey!  Nietzsche surely had to have an underlying adverse purpose for uttering words no Christian or God believer should.  So was the basis of Nietzsche’s writings and/or belief due to him being non Christian, atheist, or even a false Christ.  With respect to his childhood religion, Nietzsche’s grandfather and father were both Lutheran believer, meaning he had reverence for deity.  His childhood belief is not as much as a pivotal marker or even has the basis for a valid claim of his own personal belief as his adult choices does, but it does lay the foundation of his religious beliefs or maybe even the lack of??  When Nietzsche turned 21, which is a common age for young adults to make their own decisions, he lost his Christian faith.  Most young adults stray away, like the prodigal son, but Nietzsche renounced Christanity and abandoned the study of theology – AT EASTER!!!!!!  His timing was either coincidental or a well orchestrated departure.  Nevertheless, his choice was his to make, as God gives us free will, but it wasnt because he wanted to do what he wanted to do.  He had taken the liberty to call out Christians on their perspective of how they lived their lives.  He even made the statement in Twilight of the Idols “Christanity is called the religion of pity-Pity stands in antithesis to the tonic emotions which enhance the energy of the feeling of life, it has a depressive effect.”  Nietzsche’s definition of Christanity, in my belief, does not come from an all out proclamation to attack, but from a place of past hurt from the Christian Religion.  Nietzsche makes very valid arguments regarding the perception of Christanity, but the art in which he conveys them are lost in the shuffle of presentation and delivery.  Not that truth needs to be sugar coated and looked at through rose colored glasses, but the claims he make about EVERYTHING is satirical.  From an emotional standpoint, I believe he has endured so much hurt, he arrived at truth from the backdoor.  His story reminds me of Lazarus and the rich man, the rich man was cast to the fire (Hell) and he told Lazarus tell my brother don’t come here. I “sense” the same with Nietzsche, he has not been spared from hell on earth, despite his literary masterpieces and scholarly  accolades.  He has appointed himself to inform those that falsely stand  in front of  the religion of Christanity to take a closer look at themselves.  Unfortunately, he was rejected twice in marriage, severenced ties with a longtime well-respected friend, withdrew fom society, stricken with illness, and above everything else suffers mental collapse.  He embodied a talented and tortured mind, what he overachieved mentally he was deprived emotionally.  I wonder what his results would have been if he had taken the Rorschach Test???  To Friedrich Nietzsche, I say anti-suffering, rest in peace.

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Philosophy Seminar- The Virtue of Patriotism????

In attending the Philosophy Seminars on Friday, the two speakers were John Laing and Robert Higgason.  John Laing presented in logical form an argument on  “Evangelical Chaplins:  Responding to the Repeal of DADT (Don’t Ask Don’t Tell).  Mr. Laing’s argument was regarding the subsequent trials the military and individual soldiers would endure if the policy goes into effect. Although Mr. Laing’s arguments were very informative, I leaned more towards the first speaker, Robert Higgason.  Mr. Higgason discussed the virtue of patriotism????  This was a very intriguing lecture to me because virtue has been discussed in our Philosophy class discussions, the Holy Bible speaks of virtue, and even by Webster’s definition of virtue, which is conformity to a standard of right; a commendable quality; merit. The biblical characteristic of virtue is strength. Virtue as discussed in class, 1st has to be intentional, 2ndly chosen for itself, and 3rd habitual. Factoring in the many definitions of virtue, they all have a commonplace within the people.  Mr. Higgason illustrated comprehensively how patriotism is virtuous as it serves to help a person (the citizens) and lives a good life. He began his discussion of virtue as a means between two vices, which sounded the alarm in my head, as it recalled Professor McAteer’s lecture on Augustine.  Mr. Higgason provided a chart of what patriotism is and what it is not. Patriotism is  not a blind following (non nationlism), not hostile, not Imperialism. Patriotism is respect and appreciation for one’s country (not just Americans).  He cited John Schamm ” Patriotism is the love for one’s homeplace. One who is grateful…. makes him a debtor.”  He made a profound statement “One is what one owes”, so often people who are self seeking replaces “owes” with “owns”.   He provided historical times through out the course of his life where patriotism was at its best and worst.  He remembered The Vietman War, and how Americans were divided in whether our country should or should not be fighting a war for another countries civil liberties. Patriotism was uncertain, and began a movement of anti-government radicals.  But the bombing of Pearl Harbor (WWII) increased patriotism and created a united front among citizens.  There was moral clarity- we knew why we were fighting and was in full support of the country’s presidential/congressional decisions.  America’s core values can be found in the beginning of the  Declaration of Independence– it is about who people are, a duty to adhere to their principles and do what it takes to protect this country.  The Pledge of Allegience  is taken for our promise to uphold this country.  It appeared Socrates in Crito took a pledge for Athens. He loved Athens, and vowed to live there until his death.  Socrates had virtue concerning all things, from self accountability to Athens to the gods.  In conclusion, patriotism/virtue  is the means having respect and love for one’s country.  One vice or extreme,  as Mr. Higgason so candidly put it, is ethno-narcissism (being too pro-government)  and the other vice or extreme is ethno-loathing(being extremely anti-government.   Taken from  Nicomachean Ethics, courage is the virtue that falls between confidence and rashness.  Courage is required to be patriotic because there may be times one must stand alone.  Whatever country a person lives in, we should all posses the courage to be patriotic to stand for our one undivided community – The City of God!!!!!!!

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Rain Man-The Autistic Savant

I have chosen The 1988 movie Rain Man for this reading’s Pop Culture.  Raymond Babbit was an autistic savant.  He was incapable of caring for himself independantly, but was brilliant with numbers and math.  Raymond was accused of counting cards from the dealer as his brother engaged him in a poker game in Las Vegas.  He repeatly won, by his remarkable quality to remember numbers and quickly determine which cards were in the dealer’s hand versus what was on the table.  This movie, in my opinion, demonstrates Berkeley’s viewpoint of ideas discussed in Human Knowledge.  Raymond could have had some exposure to cards, maybe in a social event at the institution, but it was not a conscious decision at the poker table.  He wasn’t  even aware of the rules, the stakes,or his winnings.  His mind mechanically functioned at an optimized level, but with no intended or conscious thought.  I am still not convinced that I comprehend Berkeley’s viewpoint as he intended, but I think I am in the vicinity.  If one would take into account of a person in a coma,  and suffers from short term memory loss, the mind/brain is a powerful muscle of recollection or permanant storage.  People can be non functioning, well paralyzed from their neck to their feet and still live.  But, if someone has a functioning body and there is no brain activity, brain dead, then that person is considered dead.  Raymond Babbit’s life as simple as it was, he wasn’t aware of the gift that he had.  The  mind that could have propelled him to a different destiny, was the same mind that held him back.  According to Berkely, the sensations of Raymond’s body were more useful that his mind.  He routinely needed to watch Jeopardy at the same time everyday, as well as eat his fish sticks, each counted out, on Tuesdays.  Are those things that are not in Raymond’s routine in existence, to him no, but to a fully functional mentally sound person, they do.

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Aaaahaaa -My Lightbulb Moment!!!!!!!

In reading Principles of Human Knowledge and Three Dialogues by George Berkeley, let it be known I have been close minded!  The initial class discussion had me confused of that which I was absolutely sure of by way of learning and knowing.  I have relied on seeing, hearing, tasting, and smelling.  I came into the knowledge of the way of the world through instructional learning and acquired knowledge, but then Berkeley hits the scene.  Berkeley states, as I paraphrase,  we know what we know  based on ideas ,and  not through experience/memory from our senses.  It was then I had to explore his viewpoint with an open mind, I am in awe that I can toggle between the two- closed minded to open minded!!   I agree with Berkeley that “Everything that exists is an idea” ,not within my own mind, but God’s mind that created me.  God is the true source of our right thinking.  Even though I have a difficult time digesting Berkeley’s Human Knowledge, not because I disagree, but because I’ve yet to grasp his thought process.  But what I am sure of, and maybe Berkeley and I will have a meeting of the minds, is that God created man in his own image.  Philippians 2:5 (KJV) states “Let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus.  Mankind, including myself, have the mind of Christ.  If the mind of Christ, Son of the Father, is the maker and creator of all things, then as his children we possess the “ability” to conceive ideas.  I believe God plants the increase in our minds, and He distributes ideas  according to His sovereign will.  Isaiah 14:25 states “………Surely as I have thought, so shall it come to pass; and as I have purposed, so shall it stand.”  This scripture,  in my interpretation, is God’s way of REVEALING ideas to man.  Man can lack the foreknowledge of trees, the example discussed in class, but once God establishes trees in the mind of man, trees come forth.  God’s word also  states “His ways are not our ways.”  God have thoughts different from man’s , which is what seperates the incorruptible from the corruptible.  God’s thoughts are supreme and higher than man’s, but he does plant the ideas in our minds to bring forth his plans and purpose. In conclusion, throughout life, I have heard people say Aaahaa, the light bulb just went off.  I believe their mental capacity to accept something new has been awakened.  It is always always always to that person a positive moment. It is as if the  information is brought to the forefront and a connection is made as if they already had it, they just didn’t know they had it!!!!!  Berkeley’s viewpoints would fully support child prodigies with no previous training in their gifts.

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“I’ll Be There for you”

In The Confessions of Saint Augustine (Book 4 Chapter 6) he is grieving over the loss of his dear friend due to  death.  I believe Augustine grieved for his friend so profoundly because  he lacked the personal relationship with God, and filled his heart with disordered love for his friend.  In Book 4 Augustine’s mentions God in a distant sort of way.  The content of his questions were that of a person who was lost and couldn’t find the right answers to his questions.  Augustine had knowledge of God throughout his childhood due to his mother, but just as we mature physically we must mature spiritually.  It is in the loss of his friend he is on the verge of growing spiritually.  Augustine’s  inner spirit recognizes the disorder of his love.  Sure,  this was his friend, therefore he was well entitled to grieve and be emotional about his suffering. But  Augustine’s spiritual immaturity rises up, when his friend receives baptism while he was unconscious.  He writes, ” I tried to make jokes with him, just as though he would joke with me about that baptism which he had received when he was far away in mind and sense.  He had already learned that he had received it.  But he was horrified at me as if I were an enemy, and he warned me with a swift and admirable freed that if I wished to remain his friend, I must stop saying such things to him.  I was struck dumb and was disturbed, but I concealed all my feelings until he would grow well again and would be fit in health and strength.  Then I would deal with him as I wished.”  This passage according to my interpretaion was not Augustine’s attempt to just joke with his friend and bring light to the circumstances. He truly had an issue with him receiving the baptism while be unconscious, he began this passage with “For this I cared nothing…”  Augustine had no reverence for what seemed to be his friend’s last rites. He wanted to make a mockery out of the baptism once opportunity pemitted.  I find this rather interesting especially because he grew up in a Catholic household, and should have seen the severity of what was happening and what could happen to his friend.  It could have been hard to witness the demise of his friend which could have had Augustine in denial, but it was his manner and lack of regard.  He also mentions “Immediately, upon my first chance to speak to him, and I could do this just as soon as he could talk……..”  His love for his friend and the memories they shared are detailed in the song “I’ll be There for you” from the sitcom Friends.  There were six friends who shared history together, lived together, and not judged each other.  The song mentions many afflictions that will happen over the course of a friendship.  Augustine’s attachment to his friend, I believe, was because they shared an irrevocable bond, and his friend was there for him throughout his life’s choices and crisis.  He mentions also “Since I had not left him, as we relied so much upon one another….” Augustine was there for his friend, just as his friend was there for him.  The song has been provided by TV Themes on Demand- (Artist The Rembrandts)

 
   

 

S0 no one told you life was going to be this way

your job’s a joke, your’re broke your love life’s DOA

It’s life you’re always stuck in second gear

Well, it hasn’t been your day, your week, your month, or

even your year.

But, I’ll be there for you, when the rain starts to pour.

I’ll be there for you, like I’ve been there before.

I’ll be there for you, cause you’re there for me too.

You’re still in bed at ten, the work began at eight.

You’ve burned your breakfast, so far, things are going

great.

Your mother warned you there’d be days like these,

But she didn’t tell you when the world has brought you

down to your knees.

That, I’ll be there for you, when the rain starts to pour.

I’ll be there for you, like I’ve been there before.

I’ll be there for you, cause you’re there for me too.

No one could ever know me, no one could ever see me.

Seems like you’re the only one who knows what it’s like to

be me.

Someone to face the day with, make it through all the rest

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Confessions without the veil

The Confessions of Saint Augustine was cathartic for me as a Christian.  Augustine  eloquently confesses his inner thoughts as well as his intentional sins against God.  His confessions came to life as I read each chapter.  I visualize him entering into the confession booth, after his conversion and as a new found Catholic.   As he takes his seat, he clears his throat and says “You are great, O Lord, and greatly to be praised:  great is your power and to your wisdom there is not limit.  And man, who is a part of your creation, wishes to praise you, and who bears about within himself his mortality, who bears about with himself testimony to his sin and testimony that you resist the proud.”  The scene is uniquely different than that of a normal confession scene.  The obstruction or curtain that seperates the sinner from the Priest is removed.  There sits Saint Agustine unhidden,  in plain view as he opens his heart, his mind, and his life confessing before  God his sins with no veil.  The veil was not present in the conversation, but it was also removed from his spiritual truth.  Augustine saw the errors of his ways, and realized, no matter how hard he tried- he could not hide anything or anywhere  from an omnipresent God (BK 1 Chapter 2) Since I do indeed exist, and yet would not be unless you were in me, why do I beg that you come to me?  I am not now in hell, yet you are even there.  For “if I descend into hell, you are present.”  Augustine’s confessions came about after a life long battle of living his life the way he wanted to live it.  Beginning with the introduction and reading  from his childhood, Augustine’s mother introduced him to Christanity.  Monica, his mother, was a devout and faithful Catholic. Every parent’s reward and heartbreak is for their child to begin to make their own choices.  Augustine’s choices in lifestyle and religion were the polar opposites to what his mother and later converted Catholic father wanted for him.  He became idle and unproductive for a short period of time, he later had a son out of wedlock with a woman that possibly did not meet his parents’ standards, and his religious struggles with Manicheism.  The beauty of it all, even when we fall short of our parents plans and expectations, God is using those things to work together for our good.   It is evident that God had a call on Augustine’s life because here  in 2011 we are reading about his relationship with God after his death August 28, 430.  Augustine’s mistakes and  self inflicted wounds drew him closer to God (Book 1 Chapter 1- …”for you have made us for yourself, and our heart is restless until it rests in you.”  Those times of searching for his own selfish desires, God’s plans were still at work in his life (Bk 1 Chapter 4) You change your works, but do not change your plans: you take back what you find, although you never lost it.  Augustine was well educated and traveled immensely, which I believe were the plans of God.  God allowed Augustine to grow in knowledge and wisdom, even in times where Augustine had a different motive maybe even self gratification. ” For I know the plans that I have for you, declares  the Lord. “plans to prosper you and not to harm you, plans to give you hope and a future (NIV Bible- Jeremiah 29:11.  This bible verse came to life for Augustine in the story of his life in the introduction.  With all his academic,  professional achievements, and strong desires against his weak faith, Augustine came into the plans of God.  In the introduction of Confessions,  (PG 24) it states Augustine was converted to the faith.  At the height of his soul’s turmoil he heard a voice, like that of a child, chanting, “Take and read! Take and read”, he seized a copy of the New Testament….I chose to write about the introduction after reading the books in The Confessions because I can  relate to Augustine before his conversion.  When we come to Christ, we forget our past, but telling our past is what helps other people to be overcomers.  People mostly identify with where you once were, and how you live now draws them to have their own conversion experience.  It is then, we can remove the veil of sin and disobedience and have the most inner thought confessions with God.

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Examining the Examiner

Socrates had an unquenchable thirst for knowledge.  He had a very humble and sincere desire to obtain knowledge. But acquired knowledge without application, was useless in his eyes. As Plato illustrated Socrates’ quest for knowledge in “Five Dialogues”, it is my belief  that his pursuit led him to his gift – WISDOM!! Although Socrates does not verbally profess to think of an existance greater than the “gods”, I believe that God the creator of all things imputed wisdom into Socrates who was open to receive it.  Socrates does not appear to have a desire to go against the gods to stir up trouble, but regarding matters of integrity and virtue,  he couldn’t be silent nor silenced.  Plato’s first dialogue is between Socrates and Euthyphro. In reading this aloud, it actually engages the reader to think, visualize,  and/or even forces you to come into your own understanding of what is right.  Euthyphro has brought charges against his  father for murdering a murderer.  Although the father feels justified, the crime is still murder.  So the question arises between Euthyphro and Socrates “what is piety?” By Merriam-Webster’s  definition, piety is  (1.) fidelity to natural obligations (as to parents (2.) dutifulness in religion:devoutness.  According to the definition both Euthyphro and Socrates are correct.   Euthyphro based his argument on devoutness  and what is deemed right (Euthyphro 5b – “It is ridiculous, Socrates, for you to think that it makes any difference whether the victim is a stranger or a relative.  One should only watch whether the killer acted justly or not;……”  On the other hand,  Socrates based his argument on fidelity to natural obligations (as to parents).  Socrates’ reaction,  when Euthyphro told him he was prosecuting his father, was disbelief and shock (Euthyphro 4a- “My dear sir! Your own father?”).  What assures the reader that is was a fair debate, was Euthyphro and Socrates both greeted each other with kind words.  Neither one appeared (through conversation) to have had cruel intentions and they thought highly of one another.  So to see knowledge contend with wisdom, was truly delightful!!!!!!!!! Wisdom wins over knowledge in just eloquently and humbly  asking for answers while knowledge relies on what it knows no questions needed!!!!!  I digressed for a moment!!!!!!  I conclude my Plato reflections with “Crito”.  My heart bonded with Crito’s as he made compelling pleas to his friend to rethink his decision to remain imprisoned.  Crito’s plan to have Socrates escape into exile fell on deaf ears.  Socrates’ character, integrity, and faith were all on the line in this life and death situation.  These very things that were on the line, were the very things Socrates sought to maintain in life, and wouldn’t be compromised even if it meant being put to death.  Crito spared no expense to save his friend in words, money, nor personal property. ( Crito 44e -” …..and that we should be compelled to lose all our property or pay heavy fines and suffer other punishment besides?”…….We would be justified in running this risk to save you, and worse, if necessary.” Crito’s pleas included that of Socrates’ family and friends, and the personal dispair they would encounter at the loss of his life.  Socrates held firmly. My heart matched Crito’s on behalf of his friend, but my faith matches that of Socrates that this present life’s work is well rewarded even after death.  Socrates’ examined life is a life worth writing about!!!!!!!!!!

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